Technology is an ever changing field. The only thing that stands firm in this fast paced environment is innovation. Technology can be defined as the collection of human knowledge plus various techniques, tools, machines, and processes that are applied to the development of new products or services or in the achievement of specific goals, for example scientific research. Today, there are more ways than ever before to implement technology in business.
The scope and impact of technology in human society have increased over time. Some sectors have been affected more severely than others. In broad terms, the business is no longer the sole realm of consumers and producers; rather it has developed into a partnership between technology and society. Advances in technology have led to the scientific and industrial revolution. Examples of scientific innovations include microelectronics, information technology, computer sciences, nanotechnology, energy, genetics, and physical sciences.
In the technological arena, we find three main categories, each one representing distinct facets of the process used to develop new technological products and services. These include engineering and technology studies, information technology, and the scientific and industrial revolution. We will discuss each of these in turn.
In the years prior to World War II, the most prominent members of the industrial arts organization were German engineers. German scientists were among the first to utilize the new scientific methods to design new airplanes, engines, electronics, and even weapons. Theoretical physics was not as popular in German universities during this time because most Germans did not believe in its importance as a tool for doing actual experiments. A group of German scientists who had received training in mathematics and engineering initiated a new set of educational curriculum with math as its major focus and formulated a new theory of physical sciences to replace the old mechanical/mechanical approach used by most German scientists.
Science has been a significant force shaping technology since the time of Galileo. Most likely, his discoveries were assisted by the work of others before him. Through the telescope, he was able to detect water movement across the ocean and discover the four laws of thermodynamics. Later on, Sir Isaac Newton developed his great theory of gravity which was based upon the law of conservation of energy, which is a fundamental principle of modern physics.
In the middle of the twentieth century, American scientists like Robert E. Sherwood and Sigmund Schatzberg made significant contributions to the development of the discipline of science and technology. Together, they created the Theory of Relativity, which explained how light, space, and matter moved faster than the speed of light. They further unified special relativity with general relativity, which explained why stars appear to move through space rather than falling straight to earth. Schatzberg also invented the measuring device known as the Schatzsprung-Kino, which enabled him to measure minute quantities of atomic weight.
Theoretical science, including engineering, metallurgy, thermodynamics, and other branches of applied science, also participated in the shaping of the twentieth century’s technologies. In the late nineteenth century, German scholars started developing concepts of qualitative reasoning and formalized systems of quantitative thought. The American Thomas Edison, for instance, used the German expression “Wisseschaft” to define his innovative thinking. Thus, according to one estimate, more than one hundred thousand words in English words were used in patents between the year 1900 and 2021 alone, which makes “schatzbergisms” into an acceptable term. However, these terms may not be accepted by scholars in the field of applied science, who may view them as a later development.
As previously mentioned, there are three main areas of overlap between arts and technology: (a) Technology as a form of aesthetics; (b) Technology as a method of social construction; and (c) As a means of existence. In the second area, “technoculture” may be seen as the cultural organizing principle underlying many of the innovations of the technological era. Applied art and the technical arts may have been less important in the early history of technology. But the increasing importance of the arts in society, along with their increasing influence on technology, has had profound consequences. The three mentioned categories of overlap are just a few examples of how the relationship between technology, art, and society has developed over time.