Law is a formal system of laws designed and enforced by governmental or civic institutions to govern conduct, with its exact definition somewhat of an open topic of longstanding disagreement. Generally it has been differentially defined as the science of law and the practice of justice. The study of law dates back to the period when the statesmen wanted to codify and guarantee rights and privileges secured by contract. Since then, the evolution of law has always required the codification of civil and common law in the form of statutory law. Statutory laws are basically laws that are enacted by public act, resolution, rule or regulation affecting the rights and privileges of individuals, corporate bodies, estates and corporations, while common law is generally referred to as judicial law.
Currently the United States is governed under a constitutional law system, which was established by the US Supreme Court, in order to provide a higher level of protection than ordinary laws for individual citizens, corporations and governments. Every law that bears the title of constitution has expressed commitment to the US political community and the country itself. Constitution is one of the most important factors determining the legitimacy of the legal system. However, this system also suffers from a lack of accurate data in many areas, including the definition of human rights, the role of the courts in protecting them and the relationship between the courts and other branches of the government. This gap in knowledge leads to errors in interpretation of both laws and their consequences.
There are two branches of law in the US: federal and state. Federal law is confined to executive and administrative matters, while state law is confined to common law matters such as taxation, licensing, regulation of business, estate and trusts, real property and personal property matters. In addition, there are a number of common law matters that fall within the jurisdiction of the federal government but are covered by state common law. Federal and state law always require the agreement of the other party to acquire common law powers. This means that, whenever two governments conflict on matters of interpretation of the law, a compromise agreement is usually sought between them.
Within the framework of our legal system, we have three branches of law: civil law, criminal law and corpus civilis. Civil law deals with disputes between private parties and includes lawsuits against individuals or organizations, including employers, landlords, managers, public authorities and employees. Criminal law is the body of law that punishes people for criminal acts, including felonies and misdemeanors. Corpus civilis includes offenses against society at large, including war, theft, assaults, homicide, injuring another person in the course of any business transaction or going armed with an offensive weapon.
As it appears to be, there are many laws that are applicable to the United States citizens and residents of Texas. Therefore, it is necessary to know which of these laws apply to you. Each state has several jurisdictions that contain many federal and state laws. Each jurisdiction establishes its own classification of criminal acts and misdemeanor laws. It is essential for you to know and understand each and every provision of Texas’s civil as well as criminal legal system and, likewise, each and every provision of the criminal legal system of the state.
When you know the nature and content of your state’s and federal laws, you will be better equipped to understand how to deal with the legal systems of these jurisdictions. Moreover, you will also be better equipped to protect your rights guaranteed by the federal and state laws. The nature and content of the civil society laws vary from one state to another. Some of the most common types of laws include: landlord tenant and wrongful eviction laws; worker’s compensation laws; commercial laws; environmental laws; insurance laws; personal injury laws; family laws; intellectual property laws; family related issues such as custody, adoption, and child custody; trusts and estates laws; gambling laws; and inheritance related laws.
Texas’s civil as well as criminal laws provide protection and advantages to the citizens of Texas. This includes the right to life, liberty, property, freedom, and the right to participate in public forums. Additionally, the fundamental rights protected by the Constitution and Texas Civil Rights Act are also implicated by the substantive laws.
In order to have an effective knowledge of Texas law, you need to know both the state’s civil and criminal legal system. This means that you need to study the most common law areas such as criminal, corporate, real estate, and trusts and estates. The second area of law that you need to study is the substantive laws, which cover all the aspects of the substantive law, including tort, property, contract, trusts and estates, and so on. Therefore, you will need to read through the Texas Civil Rights Act, the Texas Constitution, and the Texas Business Regulations so that you can fully comprehend the spirit and substance of the Texas’s laws.